Ultimate Viewing Guide to the Second, Longest, and Last Lunar Eclipse of the Year on Election Day

When is the next eclipse? In the early hours of Tuesday, November 8, 2022, Election Day in the United States, a total lunar eclipse (also known as the “Blood Moon”) will be visible from North and South America, the Pacific, the Asia and Australia.

During the event, a full moon – November’s “beaver moon” – will enter the center of Earth’s shadow for 85 minutes, taking on a strange dark coppery-reddish color.

It will be the third total lunar eclipse in 18 months, the second in 2022 and the last until 2025.

Here’s everything you need to know about the “Beaver Blood Moon Eclipse,” also known as the total lunar eclipse, including exactly when, where, and how to see it from North America.

What is a ‘Blood Moon’ Total Lunar Eclipse?

When a full moon passes through Earth’s shadow in space, a total lunar eclipse occurs. Each month, the New Moon roughly passes between Earth and the Sun, then orbits the other side of Earth towards the Sun to become a Full Moon.

However, only when these alignments are accurate can they cause a solar or lunar eclipse. This is because the Moon’s orbit is inclined relative to the ecliptic– the apparent path of the Sun in our daytime sky – so only very occasionally a New Moon eclipses the Sun (a total solar eclipse) and/or a full Moon travels through the Earth’s shadow (a total lunar eclipse).

Last week, a partial solar eclipse occurred over Europe and Asia, leaving the next full moon in the perfect spot to cross the ecliptic and cause a total lunar eclipse.

Where is the total lunar eclipse ‘Blood Moon?’

A lunar eclipse always occurs on the night side of Earth at the same global time. It will be viewable from North and South America, the Pacific, Asia and Australia, and that includes all of North America and the 48 contiguous US states.

However, since there are time zones, local times are different. Here’s what’s happening, where and exactly when:

When is the total lunar eclipse ‘Blood Moon’

Here’s when to be outside where you are – although about an hour before and after it will be possible to see the very eerie sight of the Moon in partial eclipse. However, if you only want to hang out briefly, now is the time to do so (choose “entire peak” if you just want a peak!):

  • 5:17 a.m. to 6:42 a.m. EST Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (peak totality at 5:59 a.m. EST)
  • 4:17 a.m. to 5:42 a.m. CST on Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (peak totality at 4:59 a.m. CST)
  • 3:17 a.m. to 4:42 a.m. MST on Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (peak totality at 3:59 a.m. MST)
  • 2:17 a.m. to 3:42 a.m. PST on Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (maximum totality at 2:59 a.m. PST)
  • 12:17 a.m. to 1:42 a.m. HST on Tuesday, November 8, 2022 (maximum totality at 12:59 a.m. HST)

The phases of a total lunar eclipse

Although the 85-minute “Blood Moon” phase of totality is the highlight, the process of a total lunar eclipse takes place in five distinct phases, penumbra and partial lasting about an hour each:

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse #1

Earth penumbra is its fuzzy outer shadow. A penumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the moon enters the penumbra and loses its luster. It’s an interesting sight to see…sort of.

Partial lunar eclipse #1

Earth’s darker inner shadow is called its shadow. A partial lunar eclipse occurs when the moon slowly enters the shadow. The thing to see here is Earth’s shadow line moving across the lunar surface, leaving a reddish color in its wake.

Totality

Once the entire Moon is completely in Earth’s shadow, the only light that reaches it is filtered by Earth’s atmosphere, which scatters blue light and allows light to pass more easily at long distances. wave – red and orange.

Partial lunar eclipse #2

After totality ends, the eclipse appears to reverse as the Moon begins to move out of obscurity, causing another partial lunar eclipse.

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse #2

Once the Moon is completely out of the umbra, it moves through the penumbra, so it appears gray again, although it lacks the brightness of a normal full Moon.

Disclaimer: I am the editor of WhenIsTheNextEclipse.com

I wish you clear skies and big eyes.